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Geographical indications and traditional specialities in the European Union and Wines

Geographical indications and traditional specialities in the European Union and Wines

Protected designation of origin (PDO), Protected geographical indication(PGI), and Traditional specialities guaranteed (TSG) are protection and record systems for intellectual property in the agrifood branch.


  • PDO: The Protected Destination of Origin is a trademark of legal protection of the denomination that is attributed by the European Union to the food whose peculiar quality characteristics depend essentially or exclusively from the territory in which they’re been produced
  • PGI: The term Protected Geographical Indication is an origin trademark attributed by the European Union to those agrifood products for which a specific quality, the reputation or other characteristics depends by the geographical origin, and whose production and or processing happens in a specific geographical area.
  • TSG: The term Traditional Specialties guaranteed is a mark of origin introduced by the European Union addressed to manage productions which are characterized by traditional compositions or methods of production

The value of certification

The system of geographical indications foreseen by the European Union wants to encourage both production and economy of its territories, and the safeguard of the environment and biodiversity. EU Certification offers also more guarantees to the consumers thanks to a higher level of tractability and food security from other products..
The requirement of a EU level application can be submitted by EU and non EU operators. That’s an opportunity for the many typical quality production of the Mediterranean area which can rely on an international protection and record system.
Italy, with 282 PDO, PGI and TSG certifications, is the European Country with the highest number of food excellencies with a geographical certification recognized by the EU.

CCPB, authorized Certification Body

CCPB is authorized to release PDO and PGI certification from the authorities in compliance with rules and regulations.(EU Regulation 1151/2012 for PDO -PGI and TSG, and EU Regulation 491/2009 for typical wines )
Consortium and Food defense associations that would like to have CCPB as control body can contact our offices